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Italy

    La Scala opera house

    • Milano, Italy
    • La Scala opera house$$
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      Every year on the day of St. Ambrose, December 7, the famous La Scala Theatre opens a new season. The theater was built in 1776-1778 years by decree of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Thanks to the architect Piermarini, the house received a severe invisible Neoclassical views and impeccable acoustics. At the site selected for the construction, previously located the church of Santa Maria de la Scala - from there and the name of the theater. The theater opened on August 3, 1778 production of the opera by Antonio Salieri "Recognized Europe ", and since then its history has been consistently brilliant.

      By the end of the 18th century in the theater went and dramatic performances, but opera seasons - "Carnival", "autumn", "spring", "summer" - immediately became regular. At La Scala was music Cimarosa, Rossini, Meyerbeer, Donizetti, Bellini, Verdi and Puccini. In the second half of the 19th and the 20th century foundation of the repertoire consisted not only of works by Italian composers and world classics, but also contemporary authors - Wagner, Tchaikovsky, Debussy, Mussorgsky, Prokofiev, Shostakovich ... At La Scala Caruso sang, Titta Rufіa, Del Monaco, Callas, Tebaldi, Chaliapin, Sobinov.

      During World War II, the theater was destroyed, but in 1946, restored to its original form. Later, the theater building was repeatedly carefully restored. Last restoration lasted from 2001 to 2004, and it has been spent over 61 million euros. At the moment, the theater has more than 3 million people (of which only 678 - on the ground), and his scene - one of the largest in Italy.

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